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Captcha image verification

Tuesday, 6th December, 2011  /  PHP Tutorials  /  247 Comments
A good way to avoid automatic form submissions when creating a web form is to add some kind of verification. One of the best ways is to use an image verification, called also captcha. What it does is to dynamically create an image with a random string displayed on it. Then visitor is asked to type that string in a text field and once the form is submitted it checks if the string on the image matches the one inputted by the user. Because there is no easy way to read a text from an image (image recognition) this is a good way to protect your web forms from spammers.
For doing this CAPTCHA I would suggest using a session variable where you store the string generated and displayed on that dynamically generated image.

$text = rand(10000,99999);
$_SESSION["vercode"] = $text;
$height = 25;
$width = 65;

$image_p = imagecreate($width, $height);
$black = imagecolorallocate($image_p, 0, 0, 0);
$white = imagecolorallocate($image_p, 255, 255, 255);
$font_size = 14;

imagestring($image_p, $font_size, 5, 5, $text, $white);
imagejpeg($image_p, null, 80);

Save this code in a file called captcha.php. What this script does is to generate a random number from 10000 to 99999 and then assign it to $_SESSION['vercode']. Then it generates a 25x65 pixels image with black background and white text using size 14. So if you upload that captcha.php file on your web site and open http://www.site.com/captcha.php you will see an image displaying random integer. You will receive a new random integer every time you refresh that page.

Next we need to create our web form.

<form action="submit.php" method="post"> 
Comment: <textarea name="coment"></textarea><br>
Enter Code <img src="captcha.php"><input type="text" name="vercode" /><br>
<input type="submit" name="Submit" value="Submit" />

Above code will create a form with a single textarea box, randomly generated image using the captcha.php script and a text field where you will have to enter the verification code.

All we have to do now is to make the submit.php script which will check if the verification code you enter matches the one that has been randomly generated.

if ($_POST["vercode"] != $_SESSION["vercode"] OR $_SESSION["vercode"]=='') {
echo '<strong>Incorrect verification code.</strong><br>';
} else {
// add form data processing code here
echo '<strong>Verification successful.</strong><br>';
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247 Comments to "Captcha image verification"


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pankaj / August 18, 2017 at 09:56 am

Image is not displaying broken image error occur . Not loading image from captcha.php file


salil / December 12, 2017 at 08:00 am

change the $fontsize=5 because $fontsize can be from 1 to 5


salil / December 12, 2017 at 08:04 am

Before calling imagejpeg() function place header("content-type:image/jpeg")
and after imagejpeg() put imagedestroy($image_p)

suresh kumar

suresh kumar / July 12, 2017 at 10:22 am

why i can't fatch captcha image

Php Specialist

Php Specialist / July 3, 2017 at 13:35 pm

Great tutorial. This tutorial was really helpful to create a captcha image validation on my business site. This is helpful to beginners . Thanks.


DEBJYOTI BHATTACHARJEE / February 12, 2017 at 03:34 am



Bilal / July 29, 2016 at 12:24 pm

Working Code By Bilal

$im = imagecreatetruecolor(50, 24);
$bg = imagecolorallocate($im, 22, 86, 165); //background color blue
$fg = imagecolorallocate($im, 255, 255, 255);//text color white
imagefill($im, 0, 0, $bg);
imagestring($im, 5, 5, 5, $code, $fg);
header("Cache-Control: no-cache, must-revalidate");
header('Content-type: image/png');

<title>Test Form</title>
<form action="validate.php" method="post">
Enter Image Text
<input name="captcha" type="text">
<img src="captcha.php" /><br>
<input name="submit" type="submit" value="Submit">

echo "Correct Code Entered";
//Do you stuff
die("Wrong Code Entered");


Bilal / July 29, 2016 at 09:29 am

header ('Content-Type: image/png'); missing in captcha.php

Noer Kusuma Sari

Noer Kusuma Sari / March 30, 2016 at 07:26 am

Thank you very much admin, your tutorial have been guide me to improve my php script..

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