go top

Captcha image verification

A good way to avoid automatic form submissions when creating a web form is to add some kind of verification. One of the best ways is to use an image verification, called also captcha. What it does is to dynamically create an image with a random string displayed on it. Then visitor is asked to type that string in a text field and once the form is submitted it checks if the string on the image matches the one inputted by the user. Because there is no easy way to read a text from an image (image recognition) this is a good way to protect your web forms from spammers.
For doing this CAPTCHA I would suggest using a session variable where you store the string generated and displayed on that dynamically generated image.

$text = rand(10000,99999);
$_SESSION["vercode"] = $text;
$height = 25;
$width = 65;

$image_p = imagecreate($width, $height);
$black = imagecolorallocate($image_p, 0, 0, 0);
$white = imagecolorallocate($image_p, 255, 255, 255);
$font_size = 14;

imagestring($image_p, $font_size, 5, 5, $text, $white);
imagejpeg($image_p, null, 80);

Save this code in a file called captcha.php. What this script does is to generate a random number from 10000 to 99999 and then assign it to $_SESSION['vercode']. Then it generates a 25x65 pixels image with black background and white text using size 14. So if you upload that captcha.php file on your web site and open http://www.site.com/captcha.php you will see an image displaying random integer. You will receive a new random integer every time you refresh that page.

Next we need to create our web form.

<form action="submit.php" method="post"> 
Comment: <textarea name="coment"></textarea><br>
Enter Code <img src="captcha.php"><input type="text" name="vercode" /><br>
<input type="submit" name="Submit" value="Submit" />

Above code will create a form with a single textarea box, randomly generated image using the captcha.php script and a text field where you will have to enter the verification code.

All we have to do now is to make the submit.php script which will check if the verification code you enter matches the one that has been randomly generated.

if ($_POST["vercode"] != $_SESSION["vercode"] OR $_SESSION["vercode"]=='') {
echo '<strong>Incorrect verification code.</strong><br>';
} else {
// add form data processing code here
echo '<strong>Verification successful.</strong><br>';
  • Free Scripts

    Add great new functionalities to your website with our Free Scripts collection.

    Free scripts
  • PHP Scripts

    Check our extensive collection of top-notch PHP Scripts that will enhance your website!

    Commercial PHP scripts

244 Comments to "Captcha image verification"

  • montaducipob


    May 14, 2016 at 20:15 pm


  • Joel


    April 12, 2016 at 18:14 pm


    I uploaded the captcha.php file to my hosted server but get this when I run the file:

    ÿØÿàJFIFÿþ;CREATOR: gd-jpeg v1.0 (using IJG JPEG v80), quality = 80 ÿÛC   %# , #&')*)-0-(0%()(ÿÛC   (((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((ÿÀA"ÿÄ ÿĵ}!1AQa"q2‘¡#B±ÁRÑð$3br‚ %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyzƒ„…†‡ˆ‰Š’“”•–—˜™š¢£¤¥¦§¨©ª²³´µ¶·¸¹ºÂÃÄÅÆÇÈÉÊÒÓÔÕÖ×ØÙÚáâãäåæçèéêñòóôõö÷øùúÿÄ ÿĵw!1AQaq"2B‘¡±Á #3RðbrÑ $4á%ñ&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz‚ƒ„…†‡ˆ‰Š’“”•–—˜™š¢£¤¥¦§¨©ª²³´µ¶·¸¹ºÂÃÄÅÆÇÈÉÊÒÓÔÕÖ×ØÙÚâãäåæçèéêòóôõö÷øùúÿÚ ?ùRŠô¿Ùö ß~Ý-­´–Ze”÷÷ws›N‰›¨—k‡–2Tª”pI¾¾µà7NñåïÃKDKâÍ.=BöÒóUÖWeà™!–x­0Ì ,ód–ƹFùjŠö_ßê¾)ðö±.¿Œm´]Z+­I57í¼ß}ž@፤­ò”[/–„"d‘oWñ6¢<«ÝüEh¦ƒÄ6©ÿ÷†£O-,‚|±^Ä¿òí (dEÍ“œ¨.@<>Šú—ÀÚŽ‘â¿è^Kùlü%©é?eoMi(ÿ¸i· #*'[¥c3A€ e¨…4>xAñZ2êú½ÈÒ^Á®lõ»•e“íç ˜å;"°#Iù–Š·«i÷ZF«{¦êy7¶s=¼ñî ²Db¬2 AÅT Š( YÔ|=¬ÚjÚ-ܶz«ùÍåOCÁà‚ ‚ Mhk1×ui´¹.o¼Ÿì¬›ì¡ŽÒ;V/¼´i ª«ä°$ ž9ú(«×~ x]ò§wm,Q^¶¢`K x¡–å±™e,¬q‚7Ž„æ]â7ˆ¼C%ܺÓi—7IåÍs&‹eç°Û´~ôE¼‚ÀÁÇÑ@_ü,ÿadiÿ¢}‹û7Ìû<_hû.íÞGŸ·Íò³ü¶ãåÆ8£Cøƒâ}JƒOÓ5?&ÞÛÎû+µ¼RMiç.Ù|‰YLîv2òIêI®RŠ(¢Š(¢ŠÿÙ

  • khjhj


    April 7, 2016 at 11:35 am


  • Noer Kusuma Sari

    Noer Kusuma Sari

    March 30, 2016 at 07:26 am

    Thank you very much admin, your tutorial have been guide me to improve my php script..

  • Hello


    October 7, 2015 at 10:39 am


  • devesh


    September 16, 2015 at 08:46 am

    Is there any way to automate the capthca image for API web base or for GUI


  • charanjeet


    July 12, 2015 at 19:57 pm

    plz display the view of code working

  • jj


    January 20, 2015 at 08:16 am


  • hello


    January 18, 2015 at 16:00 pm

    sa fasdfasdf

  • jhgh


    January 16, 2015 at 11:52 am


Add your comment