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Captcha image verification

A good way to avoid automatic form submissions when creating a web form is to add some kind of verification. One of the best ways is to use an image verification, called also captcha. What it does is to dynamically create an image with a random string displayed on it. Then visitor is asked to type that string in a text field and once the form is submitted it checks if the string on the image matches the one inputted by the user. Because there is no easy way to read a text from an image (image recognition) this is a good way to protect your web forms from spammers.
For doing this CAPTCHA I would suggest using a session variable where you store the string generated and displayed on that dynamically generated image.

$text = rand(10000,99999);
$_SESSION["vercode"] = $text;
$height = 25;
$width = 65;

$image_p = imagecreate($width, $height);
$black = imagecolorallocate($image_p, 0, 0, 0);
$white = imagecolorallocate($image_p, 255, 255, 255);
$font_size = 14;

imagestring($image_p, $font_size, 5, 5, $text, $white);
imagejpeg($image_p, null, 80);

Save this code in a file called captcha.php. What this script does is to generate a random number from 10000 to 99999 and then assign it to $_SESSION['vercode']. Then it generates a 25x65 pixels image with black background and white text using size 14. So if you upload that captcha.php file on your web site and open http://www.site.com/captcha.php you will see an image displaying random integer. You will receive a new random integer every time you refresh that page.

Next we need to create our web form.

<form action="submit.php" method="post"> 
Comment: <textarea name="coment"></textarea><br>
Enter Code <img src="captcha.php"><input type="text" name="vercode" /><br>
<input type="submit" name="Submit" value="Submit" />

Above code will create a form with a single textarea box, randomly generated image using the captcha.php script and a text field where you will have to enter the verification code.

All we have to do now is to make the submit.php script which will check if the verification code you enter matches the one that has been randomly generated.

if ($_POST["vercode"] != $_SESSION["vercode"] OR $_SESSION["vercode"]=='') {
echo '<strong>Incorrect verification code.</strong><br>';
} else {
// add form data processing code here
echo '<strong>Verification successful.</strong><br>';

242 Comments to "Captcha image verification"

  • Balveer kumar

    Balveer kumar

    November 5, 2012 at 08:16 am


    please provide the string capcha code like "ATcb1234"

    my code is bellow but its an error

    session_start ();
    $t1= rand(A,Z);
    $t2= rand (a,z);
    $t3= rand(100,500);
    $tx= "$t1"."$t2"."$t3" ;
    $_SESSION['cap']= $tx;
    header ("content-type: image/jpeg");
    $w =80;
    $image=imagecreate ($w,$h);
    $b1=imagecolorallocate ($image, 00,00,00);
    $ww=imagecolorallocate ($image, 255,255,255);
    imagestring ($image,$f,7,7,$tx,$ww);
    imagejpeg ($image, null, 50);

    • Makc


      December 29, 2012 at 17:11 pm

      // IMPORTANT!
      // Send ALL headers before session_start() is invoked
      header ("content-type: image/jpeg");

      session_start ();

      // Function returns random symbol string
      // Accepts symbol quantity of the returned string
      function randomCaptcha($symbol_qty){

      // Use range() instead of random for strings
      $symbol_list = array_merge(range('a', 'z'), range('A', 'Z'), range('0', '25'));
      foreach (array_rand($symbol_list, $symbol_qty) as $v) {
      $random_captcha .= $symbol_list[$v];
      return $random_captcha;

      // Get a random string with 5 characters in it
      $tx = randomCaptcha(5);

      // Thats all, here goes your code ;)
      $_SESSION['cap']= $tx;

      $w =80;
      $image=imagecreate ($w,$h);
      $b1=imagecolorallocate ($image, 00, 00, 00);
      $ww=imagecolorallocate ($image, 255, 255, 255);
      imagestring ($image,$f,7,7,$tx,$ww);
      imagejpeg ($image, null, 50);

  • aamir


    October 18, 2012 at 14:18 pm

    thanks beven and pratik its work for me

  • beven


    October 18, 2012 at 14:16 pm

    there will be a two file
    2) captcha.php

    works fine thanks dude.

    remove # from this line in index.php file

    <td id="reloadLink">
    <a href="" >Reload</a>

  • sss


    October 11, 2012 at 11:07 am

    image cant be view.....hepl me:(

    • eranga


      November 17, 2012 at 06:53 am

      used this after <?php tag if not used it header
      ('Content-type: image/jpeg');

  • ajith


    August 8, 2012 at 15:35 pm

    if you get a blank page or a 500 error for captcha.php its because you dont have the GD library installed for php. you can check if you have the library if you create a test page which looks like <?php phpinfo(); ?>.
    also add the following line on the tope of your captcha.php file for it to work properly.
    "header('Content-type: image/jpeg');"

    • prashant


      January 26, 2013 at 15:59 pm

      sir, i have enabled gd library and wrote header as you have mentioned... but image still not displayed...

  • kkk


    August 6, 2012 at 06:04 am

    image can't be seen, help me :(. thanks.

  • irctc login

    irctc login

    July 31, 2012 at 09:20 am

    Really helped me. I will include this in my irctc login page

  • Talha Mughal

    Talha Mughal

    July 24, 2012 at 15:32 pm

    This is a great website, where I found helpful material and also found experience good webmaster.

  • haider ali

    haider ali

    July 22, 2012 at 22:27 pm

    thanks a lot it really solve my problem
    thanks a million

  • Alex Aalleexx

    Alex Aalleexx

    July 3, 2012 at 09:30 am

    Thank a lot!

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