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Captcha image verification

A good way to avoid automatic form submissions when creating a web form is to add some kind of verification. One of the best ways is to use an image verification, called also captcha. What it does is to dynamically create an image with a random string displayed on it. Then visitor is asked to type that string in a text field and once the form is submitted it checks if the string on the image matches the one inputted by the user. Because there is no easy way to read a text from an image (image recognition) this is a good way to protect your web forms from spammers.
For doing this CAPTCHA I would suggest using a session variable where you store the string generated and displayed on that dynamically generated image.

$text = rand(10000,99999);
$_SESSION["vercode"] = $text;
$height = 25;
$width = 65;

$image_p = imagecreate($width, $height);
$black = imagecolorallocate($image_p, 0, 0, 0);
$white = imagecolorallocate($image_p, 255, 255, 255);
$font_size = 14;

imagestring($image_p, $font_size, 5, 5, $text, $white);
imagejpeg($image_p, null, 80);

Save this code in a file called captcha.php. What this script does is to generate a random number from 10000 to 99999 and then assign it to $_SESSION['vercode']. Then it generates a 25x65 pixels image with black background and white text using size 14. So if you upload that captcha.php file on your web site and open http://www.site.com/captcha.php you will see an image displaying random integer. You will receive a new random integer every time you refresh that page.

Next we need to create our web form.

<form action="submit.php" method="post"> 
Comment: <textarea name="coment"></textarea><br>
Enter Code <img src="captcha.php"><input type="text" name="vercode" /><br>
<input type="submit" name="Submit" value="Submit" />

Above code will create a form with a single textarea box, randomly generated image using the captcha.php script and a text field where you will have to enter the verification code.

All we have to do now is to make the submit.php script which will check if the verification code you enter matches the one that has been randomly generated.

if ($_POST["vercode"] != $_SESSION["vercode"] OR $_SESSION["vercode"]=='') {
echo '<strong>Incorrect verification code.</strong><br>';
} else {
// add form data processing code here
echo '<strong>Verification successful.</strong><br>';

242 Comments to "Captcha image verification"

  • Sandy


    June 16, 2008 at 17:56 pm

    is there a chart of the different color codes for this? that i can look at ?
    Veselin: these are RGB color code values

  • Sandy


    June 16, 2008 at 17:31 pm

    How do we get the black background to blue?
    Veselin: change this
    imagecolorallocate($image_p, 0, 0, 0);
    imagecolorallocate($image_p, 70, 10, 220);

  • tom


    June 12, 2008 at 22:43 pm

    For doing this CAPTCHA I would suggest using a session variable where you store the string generated and displayed on that dynamically generated image.

    can you explain this instruction in detail? what is a session variable? store the string? where do i get the dynamically generated image? the referenced website (http://www.site.com/captcha.php) didn't work...

    thank you!

  • Elaine


    April 24, 2008 at 14:41 pm

    This code works great, but one thing i would like it to do if anyone can tell me how to do this, i would like the error message to display next to the verification box instead of at the top of the page , is that possible?
    Veselin: you need to have your form on PHP based web page and the verification to be on top of it and then print the error message where your box is. For a small fee we can make your contact form on PHP page and also make the message display next to the captcha box. Email us if you are interested.

  • qleyo


    April 18, 2008 at 14:33 pm

    works perfectly! thanks a lot!

  • Hugh Brecher

    Hugh Brecher

    April 4, 2008 at 11:31 am

    I would like to use the Captcha.php validation script for one of my forms. The form is here:

    How much will you charge to do this for me and send me the
    completed revised form by email attachment?

    I would like it to show up very much the way that THIS form does.

    Thanks, Hugh
    can you send me a message that you receive when the form is submitted. It usually costs about $35 to add a captcha script and make the form on PHP page.

  • jon porter

    jon porter

    March 29, 2008 at 20:03 pm

    OMG, thank you guys so much! I was working FOREVER to find a captcha script that was easy enough and was not impossible to read. THX!

  • Marian


    March 25, 2008 at 03:19 am

    For igor (about session_start() [function.session-start]: error)

    if (!preg_match("/^[0-9a-z]*$/i", session_id())) {
    $error->handleError("WARN", "your ssid is expired");

    // just try it.

  • Chafucosoft


    February 22, 2008 at 13:52 pm

    great just what i was looking for !!! :D

  • igor


    February 20, 2008 at 00:34 am

    otherwise it still works, but it gives me that message...

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