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Captcha image verification Posted in PHP Tutorials | 238 Comments
A good way to avoid automatic form submissions when creating a web form is to add some kind of verification. One of the best ways is to use an image verification, called also captcha. What it does is to dynamically create an image with a random string displayed on it. Then visitor is asked to type that string in a text field and once the form is submitted it checks if the string on the image matches the one inputted by the user. Because there is no easy way to read a text from an image (image recognition) this is a good way to protect your web forms from spammers.
For doing this CAPTCHA I would suggest using a session variable where you store the string generated and displayed on that dynamically generated image.

$text = rand(10000,99999);
$_SESSION["vercode"] = $text;
$height = 25;
$width = 65;

$image_p = imagecreate($width, $height);
$black = imagecolorallocate($image_p, 0, 0, 0);
$white = imagecolorallocate($image_p, 255, 255, 255);
$font_size = 14;

imagestring($image_p, $font_size, 5, 5, $text, $white);
imagejpeg($image_p, null, 80);

Save this code in a file called captcha.php. What this script does is to generate a random number from 10000 to 99999 and then assign it to $_SESSION['vercode']. Then it generates a 25x65 pixels image with black background and white text using size 14. So if you upload that captcha.php file on your web site and open http://www.site.com/captcha.php you will see an image displaying random integer. You will receive a new random integer every time you refresh that page.

Next we need to create our web form.

<form action="submit.php" method="post"> 
Comment: <textarea name="coment"></textarea><br>
Enter Code <img src="captcha.php"><input type="text" name="vercode" /><br>
<input type="submit" name="Submit" value="Submit" />

Above code will create a form with a single textarea box, randomly generated image using the captcha.php script and a text field where you will have to enter the verification code.

All we have to do now is to make the submit.php script which will check if the verification code you enter matches the one that has been randomly generated.

if ($_POST["vercode"] != $_SESSION["vercode"] OR $_SESSION["vercode"]=='') {
echo '<strong>Incorrect verification code.</strong><br>';
} else {
// add form data processing code here
echo '<strong>Verification successful.</strong><br>';

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238 Replies to "Captcha image verification"

Umar June 19, 2011 at 10:01 am | Reply


Thankz, it works nicely
Tejitha Chowdary May 28, 2011 at 2:24 pm | Reply


I would like to know about how \"Image Captcha\" is used to prevent the Brute Force Hack after giving three wrong passwords?
dino May 3, 2011 at 5:46 am | Reply


a, ok
is this the same?
Wiyono April 11, 2011 at 12:40 pm | Reply


how to refresh images captcha?
Nikolay April 6, 2011 at 12:00 pm | Reply


Nice and simple captcha that does the job as it should! Good job to the author!
John March 12, 2011 at 3:00 pm | Reply


I request to verify my google account.I want to insert the code that was sent to my phone.
tamil March 9, 2011 at 1:14 pm | Reply


This captcha coding very useful of my project.
Laura Dakin March 9, 2011 at 12:06 pm | Reply


how do i add this to my own form?
cristi March 9, 2011 at 3:46 am | Reply


very simple and easy to implement
Luis March 9, 2011 at 3:01 am | Reply


Seens like my script isn\'t saving the SESSION... what to do ?
Luis December 7, 2011 at 11:56 am


.... UPS... sorry, I found my mistake. Script is grate and simple!

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